N. Jb. Miner. Mh., Jg. 1991, H. 11, 481-486, Stuttgart, November 1991

Camerolaite, Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10(CO3).2H2O,
a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine, Var, France

By Halil SARP and Pierre PERROUD, Genève

With 2 figures and 3 tables in the text

 

SARP, H. & PERROUD, P.: Camerolaite, Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10(CO3).2H20, a new mineral from Cap Garonne mine, Var, France. – N. Jb. Miner. Mh., 1991, H. 11, 481-486; Stuttgart 1991.

Abstract: Camerolaite, ideally Cu4Al2[HSbO4,SO4](OH)10(CO3).2H20, occurs on a specimen found in the mine of Cap Garonne, Var, France. It is associated with parnauite, cyanotrichite, malachite in a quartz gangue. The crystals, blue-green in colour, form tufts, acicular and radiated-fibrous aggregates (0.5-2mm). They are flattened on {100} and very elongated parallel to [010]. The observed form are {100} and {001}. Cleavages {100} and {001} are good. Crystals are transparent, with silky lustre and pale green streak; brittle with fibrous fracture. They are non fluorescent. A chemical analysis carried out by means of electron probe: CuO 40.56; Al203 14.54; Sb2O5 13.55; SO3 4.75 and CO2 6.26; H2O 20.0 (by CHN); total 99.66 wt.%. The mineral is monoclinic, with a = 10.765(6), b = 2.903(2), c = 12.527(8) Å; = 95.61(4)°; space group P21, or P21/m; V = 389.6(7) Å3 and Z = 1. The density is 3.1(1) (measured), 2.96 g/cm3 (calculated with M.W. = 695.4), 3.09 g/cm3 (with idealized formula). The strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are [dA, (hkl), Ivis.]: 5.62, (10-2), 50; 5.160, (102), 90; 4.276, (20-2), 100; 3.565, (300), 40; 2.380, (013) (105) (402), 35; 2.326, (212), 35. Camerolaite is optically biaxial positive with 2Vmeas. = 77(3)°, 2Vcalc. = 75°; refractive indices at 590nm are: α = 1.626(2), β = 1.646(2), γ = 1.682(2). Optical orientation: γ = b, α ┴ {100}; dispersion r < v strong. The new mineral camerolaite is named for Mr. MICHEL CAMEROLA.

Key words: Camerolaite, antimonate, new mineral, France (Cap Garonne).

Introduction

The sample containing camerolaite was collected by Mr. MICHEL CAMEROLA in the old copper-lead mine of Cap Garonne, near Toulon, Var, France. Mineralization occurs in triassic sandstones and conglomerates. The new mineral is associated with parnauite, cyanotrichite and malachite in a quartz gangue. The mineralogy of Cap Garonne deposit was studied by GUILLEMIN (1952) and MARI & ROSTAN (1986). We gave the name of camerolaite to honour Mr. MICHEL CAMEROLA who is an eminent mineral collector. Both the mineral and the name have been approved by the IMA-Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names, prior to publication. Holotype is preserved in the Mineralogy Department of the Natural History Museum, Geneva, Switzerland.

Physical and optical properties

Camerolaite forms tufts and radiating fibrous aggregates (0.5-2mm) of acicular crystals (Fig. 1); these are slender and very thin (0.5 mm length and 0.01 mm width). Crystals are transparent, blue-green coloured, with silky lustre and pale-green streak. They are not fluorescent under U.V. Fracture is fibrous. Hardness could not been determined owing to the small size and brittleness of the crystals. Cleavages {100} and {001} are good. No twinning observed. Crystals are flattened on {100} and very lengthened parallel to [010]. Observed forms are {100} and {001} (Fig. 2). The mineral is soluble in HCl.
Camerolaite is optically biaxial positive with 2Vmeas. = 77(3)°, 2Vcalc. = 75°; refractive indices at 590 nm are: α = 1.626(2), β = 1.646(2), γ = 1.682(2). Optical orientation: γ = b, α ┴ {100}; dispersion r < v strong. As crystals are extremely thin, it is impossible to measure angles α /\ a and β /\ c. Pleochroism: α = colorless, β = pale-green, γ = blue-green.
The density measured using heavy liquids is 3.1(1) g/cm3. Calculated density is 2.96 g/cm3 (with M.W. = 695.4) and 3.09 g/cm3 with idealized formula. Calculation of the Gladstone-Dale relationship using constants given by MANDARINO (1981 a) gives an excellent compatibility: 1- Kp/Kc = -0.020.

Camerolaite, fig. 1, Cap Garonne
Fig. 1. Tuft of camerolaite (diam. 0.6 mm). (SEM photograph, Dr. J. WUEST, Nat. Hist. Museum, Geneva.)

Camerolaite, fig. 2, Cap Garonne
Fig. 2. Detail and morphology of a camerolaite crystal. The face on the left is (100); the face on the right is (001). The crystals are 0.01 mm in width. (SEM photograph, Dr. J. WUEST, Nat. Hist. Museum, Geneva.)

Chemical composition

Chemical composition was studied using microprobe. Qualitative investigations showed the presence of elements Cu, Al, Sb and S. Quantitative analysis using wavelength dispersive microprobe (CAMECA) was obtained using the following standards: chalcopyrite (Cu, S), aluminum (Al), tellurantimony (Sb).
Quantitative measurements were operated under following experimental conditions: 15 kV electron-beam accelerating voltage, 2.6 nanoamperes beam current, 6 microns diameter beam. The ranges of 8 analysis and their averages are given in Table 1. H2O and CO2 were determined with HERAEUS CHN analyser.

Table 1. Chemical analysis of camerolaite.

  Range % weight of 8 analyses Average % weight of 8 analyses Standard deviation
CuO 39.37 - 41.88 40.56 0.9
Al2O3 13.81 - 15.41 14.54 0.5
Sb2O5 12.22 -15.48 13.55 1.1
SO3 4.08 - 5.25 4.75 0.4
CO2   6.26  
H2O   20.00  
Total   99.66  

Empirical formula calculated on the basis of 19 oxygen atoms gives: Cu3.56Al1.99Sb0.59S0.41C0.99H15.51O19.00. Simplified formula is: C u 4 Al 2 [HSbO4SO4](OH)10(CO3)2H2O. Idealized formula with Sb: S = 0.6:0.4 gives the following composition: CuO 43.90; Al2O3 14.07; Sb2O5 13.39; SO3 4.42; CO2 6.07; H2O 18.15; total 100 %.

X-ray crystallography

Powder diagram was obtained from a 114.6 mm diameter Gandolfi camera, CuKα (Ni-filtered) radiation. Values of dcalc. and dobs. are given in Table 2. A monocrystal was studied using a precession camera. We obtained a monoclinic unit-cell with the possible space group P21, or P21/m, the dimensions of which having been refined from powder diagram with least squares refinement method: a = 10.765(6), b = 2.903(2), c = 12.527(8) Å, β = 95.61(4)° and V = 389.6(7) Å3. Z = 1 with idealized formula, dcalc. = 3.09(1) g/cm3; with M.W. = 695.4 (MANDARINO, 1981 b), dcalc. = 2.96 g/cm3. The a : b : c ratios calculated from the unit-cell parameters are 3.7082: 1 : 4.3152.

Table 2. X-ray powder diffraction data of camerolaite.

hkl dcalc.   dmeas. lvis
100 10.713   10.7 10
002 6.234   6.21 5
10-2 5.633   5.62 50
102 5.173   5.160 90
20-2 4.275   4.276 100
202 3.880   3.880 10
300 3.571   3.565 40
10-4 3.074   3.076 10
302 2.976   2.977 10
104 2.917 }    
    2.905 <5
010 2.903    
110 2.802   2.798 5
400 2.678   2.675 20
40-2 2.553 }    
    2.552 15
210 2.552    
21-2 2.402   2.418 10
013 2.380 }    
105 2.378 2.380 35
402 2.378    
212 2.324   2.326 35
113 2.296   2.293 <5
21-3 2.221   2.222 5
311 2.193   2.198 <5
500 2.143 }    
40-4 2.137 2.137 30
213 2.131    
50-2 2.090 }    
10-6 2.078 2.080 20
006 2.078    
106 2.004 }    
    2.002 10
20-6 2.004    
40-5 1.921 }    
    1.918 30
41-2 1.917    
50-4 1.852   1.857 30
21-5 1.827   1.818 5
51-1 1.726 }    
40-6 1.725 1.726 10
31-5 1.725    
602 1.674   1.672 30

Discussion and conclusion

This new mineral is crystallographically and chemically related to cyanotrichite and carbonate-cyanotrichite (Table 3). If we consider the case when Sb completely replaces S in cyanotrichite, we shall have Cu4Al2(HSbO4)(OH)12.2H2O or Cu4Al2(SbO3OH)(OH)12.2H2O. It is highly unlikely that theoretical formula Cu4Al2(SbO4)(OH)11.2H2O might be applied to this mineral group because 12(OH) are well defined in their formula (Dana's System of Mineralogy). As for the HSbO4 component, it may be written SbO3OH which is an analogue of AsO3OH that is present in many minerals. In short, camerolaite with the composition Cu4Al2(SbO3OH,SO4)(OH)10(CO3).2H2O, could be found in nature with an end member where Sb would completely replace S; the formula would be Cu4Al2(SbO3OH)(OH)10(CO3).2H2O or Cu4Al2(SbO3OH)(OH)12.2H2O.

Table 3. Comparison of camerolaite with cyanotrichite and carbonate-cyanotrichite.

Cyanotrichite Carbonate–cyanotrichite Camerolaite
(JCPDS-11-131)
Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12.2H2O
acicular fibrous
dm = 2.85 g/cm3
sky-blue, azure-blue
α =1.558, β =1.617, γ =1.655
2Vγ = 82°


Orthorhombic
a = 10.16, b = 12,61, c = 2.90 Å3
Z = 1

(JCPDS-16-365)
Cu4AI2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12.2H2O
acicular fibrous


dm = 2.65 g/cm3
sky-blue, azure-blue
α =1.616, γ = 1.677


2V = 55-60°


Isostructural with cyanotrichite


Cu4Al2(SbO3OH,SO4)(OH)10(CO3).2H2O
acicular fibrous
din = 3.1 g/cm3
blue-green


α = 1.626, β = 1,646, γ = 1.682
2Vγ = 77°


Monoclinic, P21 or P21/m
a = 10.765, b = 2.903, c = 12.527
β =95.61(4)°, Z = 1

References

GUILLEMIN C. (1952): Etude minéralogique et métallogenique du gîte plumbo-cuprifere du Cap Garonne (Var). Bull. Soc. fr. Min. Crist. 75, 70-175.
MANDARINO, J. A. (1981 a): The Gladstone-Dale relationship; Part IV. The compatibility concept and its applications. Can. Min. 19, 441-450.
MANDARINO, J. A. (1981 b): Comments on the calculation of the density of minerals. Can. Min. 19, 531-534.
MARI, G. & ROSTAN, P. (1986): La Mine du Cap Garonne (Var). Gîtologie et Minéralogie. IMG, 87p.

Manuscript received by the editor July 16, 1991.

Authors' addresses:
HALIL SARP, Department of Mineralogy, Natural History Museum, P.O. Box 434, CH-1211 Genève, Switzerland.
PIERRE PERROUD, 4 rue des Battoirs, CH-1205 Genève, Switzerland.

About off-print: 31 N. Jb. Miner. Mh. 1991 - 0028-3649/91/1991-0481 $1.50 - © 1991 E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, D-7030 Stuttgart I

[Publications P. Perroud]

mlevy

[Athena]  [Athena Mineral search]  [Ore Deposits]
Send comments on page to mail_pp_unige
Copyright © 1982, 1994, 2016 - ATHENA - Pierre Perroud. All Rights Reserved.